The Targeted Public Distribution is aimed at ensuring food security of the people, specially the poor and vulnerable sections. The shortcomings pointed out in the evolution studies in its implementation, such as leakages and diversion of foodgrains, inclusion and exclusion errors in identification of beneficiaries, etc, Government has taken measures to address these shortcomings but it is felt that Computerization of TPDS will be an important step to bring transparency to the system.
End-to-End Computerization of TPDS (Targeted Public Distribution System) Operations Component-I is an operation of the Department of Food & Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution in consultation with the National Informatics Centre, Department of Electronics & Information Technology, Ministry of Communication and Information Technology who is the Centre’s technical partner for the scheme.
Accordingly, as per order the Central Government, the scheme was started in Assam taking 3(three) districts viz- Nagaon, Karbi Anglong and Kamrup Metropolitan as pilot districts.
Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in WP© No. 196/2001-PUCL-Vs- Union of India and others has issued directions from time to time regarding computerization of TPDS. In this case, Hon’ble Supreme Court’s order dtd: 27-07-2010 directed that there must be total computerization of the PDS on top priority basis; that Union of India must prepare a software and the same software should be used by all the States. In its order dated: 14-09-2011, the Hon’ble Supreme Court inter- alia directed Government of India to ensure that the computerization of PDS is provided necessary infrastructure and financial support.
TPDS encompasses the process of allocation of foodgrains, storage, beneficiary identification and management of delivery of foodgrains to beneficiaries. For better coordination among various agencies involved at various levels in operation of TPDS, namely, Central Government, State Government, Food Corporation of India, State Civil Supplies Corporations, other agencies at State level, FPS dealers, beneficiaries, etc, it is necessary that information regarding movement of foodgrains is available on a common platform. With computerization of Supply Chain, the movement of foodgrains upto FPS level can be tracked and the problem of leakage and diversion can be addressed. Digitization of beneficiary database will help in weeding out the bogus ration cards and better targeting of subsidies. Facilities of SMSs, e-mails, toll free numbers will be used to inform the beneficiary about the availability of the TPDS supplies in the FPS, which will ensure timely and transparent distribution of foodgrains to beneficiaries as per their entitlement. Transparency portal and social audit will further strengthen the functioning of FPSs and ensure accountability at various levels. Beneficiaries will also be able to register their grievances through toll free numbers and seek resolution.
The modernization of TPDS including its computerization is the primary responsibility of the State. With a view to provide technical, financial and infrastructural support to State, this Plan scheme has been launched by the Govt. of India on cost-sharing basis for implementation during the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17)
(A) The Component –I :
The Component –I of the Scheme is to be implemented in theinitial phase which comprises following key activities :
(B) The Component-II :
As per decision of the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) meeting held on 06-09-2012, while activities being taken up under Component-I could be implemented by all States in the first stage, the activities under Component-II i.e., Fair Price Shop (FPS) Automation should be taken up after taking into consideration various factors like coverage & linkage with UIDAI/NPR data, availability of connectivity at FPSs, finalization of smart Card standards, etc.
Management Structure :
As per Administrative Approval, the overall managementstructure for the scheme has been strengthened which comprises of various bodies at Centre and State levels with well defined roles.
The Institutional Mechanism of the State comprises of the following Committee/Team(s)
(A) State Apex Committee :
The State Level Apex Committee has the following terms and references:
(B) State Project E-Mission Team:
The State Project E-Mission Team has the following terms and references:
(C) State Project Management Unit(SPMU):
State project management unit has the following terms and references:
(A) Acts & Rules / Guidelines :